This is the second part of the 20 common errors in English. Any of you , who didn’t read the part 1 ( click here). So Lets’ begin.
11. Inappropriate pronoun shifts ; – the writers or students always create these confusion in their writing by shifting the third pronoun ( he, she, they, it) into second ( you, yours, your) or sometimes into first pronoun (I, we, me, us) all suddenly.
- For instance;- 1. if you talk sensibly, most people should able to maintain their talk.
- (correct is;) if you talk sensible, you should be able to maintain your talk.
- or; – if you talk sensibly then most of the people like you should be able to maintain their talk.
- or; – if they talk sensibly, then they should be able to maintain their talk.
12. Sentence Fragment;- fragments are the phrases or group of words which start with capital letter and ends with full-stop but they are not the independent clauses or a complete information. For instances; –
- The time of the birthday. (correct is) = It was the time of her birthday).
- I opened the door, it was raining. ( correct is ) = When i opened the door, it was raining outside.
- I saw you, you stood on the window. ( correct is) = I saw you when you were standing on the window. or, When I saw you , you were standing on the window.
13. Wrong Tense or Wrong Form; – This is a very common mistake to count down when you do not use a proper verb to identify its exact period (past, future or present tense). For example;
- I go to the stadium and played football. ( correct is ) = I went to the stadium and played football.
- John and Anna is going for diving. ( correct is) = John and Anna are going for diving.
- Everyone is went to School. ( correct is) = Everyone is gone to School or Everyone went to School.
14. Subject–verb agreement ;– It means both subject and verb have to be either singular or plural, in an agreement, in the sentence. For that don’t forget the verb rules, For instances; –
- I go to play cricket on the stadium. ( plural)
- He goes to play cricket on the stadium. (singular)
- My dad or mom is coming to meet me. ( singular)
- My dad and mom are coming to meet me. ( plural)
15. Lack of comma in a series;– There are two ways to use comma in series. One is in Oxford Dictionary style and other is in Howard Dictionary style. lets see by examples;
- Howard’s style; – I have bought dresses, shoes, jeans, tops, and hats.
- Oxford’s style; – I have bought dresses, shoes, jeans, tops and hats.
Apparently, these both styles are right. you can use comma in series in both way.
16. Pronoun agreement ;- it’s a basic grammar rule. Which means a singular pronoun only replace to singular noun and plural pronoun should replace to plural pronoun, with no confusion. Examples are;-
- He is driving his car. ( singular noun and pronoun)
- David and Ross are driving their car. ( plural noun and pronoun).
17. Unnecessary comma with Restricted elements;– A restricted elements are the important information in the sentences so the comma is not necessary to put in these sentences. I have already explained about comma requirement in restricted and non-restricted elements in ” 20 common errors (part 1)” . Examples are;
- The fastest way to reach office is only by metro.
- I like the way they give their speeches.
- She studied Spanish for 2 years in Spain.
18. Run-on or fused sentence ;- it means when writer composes two main sentences without any punctuation, such as;
- I was reading the book names “Twilight”. (Correct is) = I was reading the book, its name “Twilight”.
- My bus took off when I almost reached its door. (correct is) = My Bus took off, when I almost reached its door.
19. Dangling or misplaced modifier ; – when the modifier word is used inappropriately in the sentence, then it called misplaced modifier. for example;
- I liked the dress blue. ( correct is) = I liked the blue dress.
- Peter found the gold’s watch. ( correct is) = Peter found the gold watch.
Where as; Dangling modifier words or phrases that not exactly modifying the sentence properly, infect leaving it incomplete. For example;
- Looking toward the moon, when i saw a shooting star. ( looking toward the moon is not specified, it’s dangling sentence) (Correct is) = I was looking towards the moon, when I saw a shooting star.
20. Its / It’s confusion; – A common confusion which everyone can get puzzle with understanding their differences. Lets understand them in a simple way;
‘Its’ is a possessive apostrophe such as;-
- The cat is eating its food.
- This cycle is known for its famous features.
Whereas, ‘It’s’ is used as an abbreviation of it is, lets see;
- it’s my book.
- it’s a holiday today.
- it’s going to be an awesome trip.
Thanks a lot……..
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