20 Common mistakes in English ( Part 2)

This is the second part of the 20 common errors in English. Any of you , who didn’t read the part 1 ( click here). So Lets’ begin.

11. Inappropriate pronoun shifts ; – the writers or students always create these confusion in their writing by shifting the third pronoun ( he, she, they, it) into second ( you, yours, your) or sometimes into first pronoun (I, we, me, us) all suddenly.

  • For instance;- 1. if you talk sensibly, most people should able to maintain their talk.
  • (correct is;) if you talk sensible, you should be able to maintain your talk.
  • or; – if you talk sensibly then most of the people like you should be able to maintain their talk.
  • or; – if they talk sensibly, then they should be able to maintain their talk.

12. Sentence Fragment;- fragments are the phrases or group of words which start with capital letter and ends with full-stop but they are not the independent clauses or a complete information. For instances; –

  1. The time of the birthday. (correct is) = It was the time of her birthday).
  2. I opened the door, it was raining. ( correct is ) = When i opened the door, it was raining outside.
  3. I saw you, you stood on the window. ( correct is) = I saw you when you were standing on the window. or, When I saw you , you were standing on the window.

13. Wrong Tense or Wrong Form; – This is a very common mistake to count down when you do not use a proper verb to identify its exact period (past, future or present tense). For example;

  1. I go to the stadium and played football. ( correct is ) = I went to the stadium and played football.
  2. John and Anna is going for diving. ( correct is) = John and Anna are going for diving.
  3. Everyone is went to School. ( correct is) = Everyone is gone to School or Everyone went to School.

14. Subject–verb agreement ;– It means both subject and verb have to be either singular or plural, in an agreement, in the sentence. For that don’t forget the verb rules, For instances; –

  1. I go to play cricket on the stadium. ( plural)
  2. He goes to play cricket on the stadium. (singular)
  3. My dad or mom is coming to meet me. ( singular)
  4. My dad and mom are coming to meet me. ( plural)

15. Lack of comma in a series;– There are two ways to use comma in series. One is in Oxford Dictionary style and other is in Howard Dictionary style. lets see by examples;

  1. Howard’s style; – I have bought dresses, shoes, jeans, tops, and hats.
  2. Oxford’s style; – I have bought dresses, shoes, jeans, tops and hats.

Apparently, these both styles are right. you can use comma in series in both way.

16. Pronoun agreement ;- it’s a basic grammar rule. Which means a singular pronoun only replace to singular noun and plural pronoun should replace to plural pronoun, with no confusion. Examples are;-

  1. He is driving his car. ( singular noun and pronoun)
  2. David and Ross are driving their car. ( plural noun and pronoun).

17. Unnecessary comma with Restricted elements;– A restricted elements are the important information in the sentences so the comma is not necessary to put in these sentences. I have already explained about comma requirement in restricted and non-restricted elements in ” 20 common errors (part 1)” . Examples are;

  1. The fastest way to reach office is only by metro.
  2. I like the way they give their speeches.
  3. She studied Spanish for 2 years in Spain.

18. Run-on or fused sentence ;- it means when writer composes two main sentences without any punctuation, such as;

  1. I was reading the book names “Twilight”. (Correct is) = I was reading the book, its name “Twilight”.
  2. My bus took off when I almost reached its door. (correct is) = My Bus took off, when I almost reached its door.

19. Dangling or misplaced modifier ; – when the modifier word is used inappropriately in the sentence, then it called misplaced modifier. for example;

  1. I liked the dress blue. ( correct is) = I liked the blue dress.
  2. Peter found the gold’s watch. ( correct is) = Peter found the gold watch.

Where as; Dangling modifier words or phrases that not exactly modifying the sentence properly, infect leaving it incomplete. For example;

  1. Looking toward the moon, when i saw a shooting star. ( looking toward the moon is not specified, it’s dangling sentence) (Correct is) = I was looking towards the moon, when I saw a shooting star.

20. Its / It’s confusion; – A common confusion which everyone can get puzzle with understanding their differences. Lets understand them in a simple way;

‘Its’ is a possessive apostrophe such as;-

  1. The cat is eating its food.
  2. This cycle is known for its famous features.

Whereas, ‘It’s’ is used as an abbreviation of it is, lets see;

  1. it’s my book.
  2. it’s a holiday today.
  3. it’s going to be an awesome trip.

Thanks a lot……..

Don’t forget to like, comment and share.

References; –

Author: BlackLocust

Writer.

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